哪些大学可以早申?

美国一共有两千多所四年制大学,其中一千四百多所大学拥有权威认证。一般来说,大多数大学对考生的入学要求仅仅是高中毕业拥有一定程度的GPA并且交付学费。只有最优秀的一百来所大学对考生精挑细捡。自2013年以来,绝大多数优秀大学以及几乎所有名校都开始允许考生通过Common Application(网上共同申请平台)递交大学申请。由于Common Application统一和简化了大学申请过程,导致高质量考生对更多数量的优秀大学提交申请,竞争日趋白热化。这样一来,实力强的考生们在发榜之后经常会拥有多所优秀大学的录取通知书。因为考生只能从数个大学录取通知书中选取一所大学入学,发出录取通知书的大学便很难预期到底有多少录取的优秀考生会前来报到。

一所大学的本科教育是否辉煌, 在很大程度上取决于其生源的质量。因此每所优秀大学都非常重视自己新生群体当中优等生的百分比。然而除了像HYPMS这样最有名的几所世界名校之外,绝大多数优秀大学都不能保证自己录取的优等考生多数会前来报到。为了解决这个问题,早申计划便应运而生。

拥有早申计划的大学基本上都集中在US News大学前100名和文理学院前40名。早申计划可以分为两类。ED(提前录取)和 ED2(第二次提前录取)录取的考生都别无选择,必须就读于录取的大学。ED的申请截止日期通常在11月1日(少数是10月15日或11月15日),于12月15日左右发榜。而ED2的申请截止日期通常与RD(普通录取)相同,发榜日期或提前或与RD发榜日期相同。 由于在ED和ED2录取的优秀考生全部都肯定会前来入学,大学一般会在ED和ED2录取40%-50%的新生以保证录取新生的基本质量,其录取率常常两倍于RD。另一类早申并不绑定录取结果,叫做EA(提前非绑定录取)或single choice EA(唯一私校提前非绑定录取)。这类早申的截止日期与ED类似,通常在11月1日(少数是10月15日或11月15日),并于12月15日左右发榜。由于录取结果不绑定,EA在录取率上不见得有很大优势(各大学情况不同),但是由于考生积极向大学示好并捷足先登被大学招生官优先审阅,在录取机会上也会只赚不赔。 

US News大学前100名

College US
News
Rank
2020
ED
Deadline
ED2
Deadline
EA
Deadline
Princeton University 1 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Harvard University 2 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Columbia University 3 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
MIT 3 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Yale University 3 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Stanford University 6 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of Chicago 6 11/1/2019 1/2/2020 11/1/2019
University of Pennsylvania 6 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Northwestern University 9 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Duke University 10 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Johns Hopkins University 10 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
California Institute of Technology 12 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Dartmouth College 12 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Brown University 14 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
University of Notre Dame 15 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Vanderbilt University 15 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Cornell University 17 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Rice University 17 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Washington University in St. Louis 19 11/1/2019 1/2/2020 n/a
University of California–Los Angeles 20 n/a n/a n/a
Emory University 21 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
University of California–Berkeley 22 n/a n/a n/a
University of Southern California 22 n/a n/a n/a
Georgetown University 24 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Carnegie Mellon University 25 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
University of Michigan–Ann Arbor 25 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Wake Forest University 27 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
University of Virginia 28 10/15/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Georgia Institute of Technology 29 n/a n/a 10/15/2019
New York University 29 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Tufts University 29 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill 29 n/a n/a 10/15/2019
University of Rochester 29 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
University of California–Santa Barbara 34 n/a n/a n/a
University of Florida 34 n/a n/a n/a
University of California–Irvine 36 n/a n/a n/a
Boston College 37 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
University of California–San Diego 37 n/a n/a n/a
University of California–Davis 39 n/a n/a n/a
Boston University 40 11/1/2019 1/6/2020 n/a
Brandeis University 40 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Case Western Reserve University 40 11/1/2019 1/15/2020 11/1/2019
College of William and Mary 40 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Northeastern University 40 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 11/1/2019
Tulane University 40 11/1/2019 1/7/2020 11/15/2019
University of Wisconsin–Madison 46 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Villanova University 46 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign 48 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of Texas–Austin 48 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Lehigh University 50 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Pepperdine University 50 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 50 11/1/2019 12/15/2019 n/a
University of Georgia 50 n/a n/a 10/15/2019
Ohio State University–Columbus 54 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Santa Clara University 54 11/1/2019 1/7/2020 11/1/2019
Syracuse University 54 11/15/2019 n/a n/a
Florida State University 57 n/a n/a n/a
Pennsylvania State University 57 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Purdue University–West Lafayette 57 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of Miami 57 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 11/1/2019
University of Pittsburgh 57 n/a n/a n/a
Rutgers University–New Brunswick 62 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of Washington–Seattle 62 n/a n/a n/a
Loyola Marymount University 64 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Southern Methodist University 64 11/1/2019 1/22/2020 11/1/2019
University of Connecticut 64 n/a n/a n/a
University of Maryland–College Park 64 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of Massachusetts–Amherst 64 n/a n/a 11/5/2019
Worcester Polytechnic Institute 64 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Clemson University 70 n/a n/a n/a
George Washington University 70 11/1/2019 1/5/2020 n/a
Texas A&M University–College Station 70 n/a n/a n/a
University of Minnesota–Twin Cities 70 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Fordham University 74 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Stevens Institute of Technology 74 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Virginia Tech 74 11/1/2019 n/a 12/1/2019
American University 77 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Brigham Young University–Provo 77 n/a n/a n/a
Baylor University 79 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Binghamton University–SUNY 79 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
Gonzaga University 79 n/a n/a n/a
Indiana University–Bloomington 79 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of Buffalo–SUNY 79 n/a n/a n/a
Colorado School of Mines 84 n/a n/a n/a
Elon University 84 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Marquette University 84 n/a n/a n/a
Michigan State University 84 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
North Carolina State University–Raleigh 84 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of California–Santa Cruz 84 n/a n/a n/a
University of Iowa 84 n/a n/a n/a
Clark University 91 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Miami University–Oxford 91 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Stony Brook University–SUNY 91 n/a n/a n/a
University of California–Riverside 91 n/a n/a n/a
University of Delaware 91 n/a n/a 11/1/2019
University of San Diego 91 n/a n/a n/a
Drexel University 97 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
New Jersey Institute of Technology 97 n/a n/a 11/15/2019
Saint Louis University 97 n/a n/a n/a
Texas Christian University 97 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
University of Denver 97 11/1/2019 1/15/2020 11/1/2019
University of San Francisco 97 11/1/2019 n/a 11/1/2019
Yeshiva University 97 11/1/2019 n/a n/a

文理学院前40名

College US
News
Rank
2020
ED
Deadline
ED2
Deadline
EA
Deadline
Williams College 1 11/15/2019 n/a n/a
Amherst College 2 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Swarthmore College 3 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Wellesley College 3 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Pomona College 5 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Bowdoin College 6 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Carleton College 7 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Claremont McKenna College 7 11/1/2019 1/5/2020 n/a
Middlebury College 7 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Washington and Lee University 10 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Colby College 11 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Haverford College 11 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Smith College 11 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Grinnell College 14 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Hamilton College 14 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Vassar College 14 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Colgate University 17 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Davidson College 17 11/15/2019 1/2/2020 n/a
Wesleyan University 17 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Bates College 21 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Harvey Mudd College 23 11/15/2019 1/5/2020 n/a
University of Richmond 23 11/1/2019 1/1/2020 11/1/2019
Barnard College 25 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Macalester College 25 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Bryn Mawr College 27 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
College of the Holy Cross 27 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Colorado College 27 11/1/2019 1/15/2020 11/1/2019
Kenyon College 27 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Soka University of America 27 11/1/2019 n/a n/a
Mount Holyoke College 32 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Oberlin College 33 11/15/2019 1/2/2020 n/a
Scripps College 33 11/15/2019 1/3/2020 n/a
Bucknell University 35 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Pitzer College 35 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Thomas Aquinas College 35 n/a n/a n/a
Franklin and Marshall College 38 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Lafayette College 39 11/15/2019 2/1/2020 n/a
Occidental College 39 11/15/2019 1/1/2020 n/a
Skidmore College 39 11/15/2019 1/15/2020 n/a
Cooper Union   12/1/2019 n/a n/a
Reed College   11/15/2019 12/20/2019 11/15/2019

 

比尔老师是人大附中校友,1984年北京大学生物系毕业,在北京医科大学(北大医学部)任教五年后经CUSBEA项目于1989年来美留学工作,并获美国范德比尔特大学(Vanderbilt University)生物学硕士,肯尼索州立大学(Kennesaw State University)计算机信息系统硕士和埃默里大学(Emory University)MBA学位。他在埃默里大学医学院工作十多年,博览群书,倾心观察,对青少年心理以及美国大学教育理念颇有心得。

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